Introduction

The term “nanotechnology” refers to the creation and application of functional structures. These structures are created on a molecular or atomic scale. Nanometers are used to measure one characteristic dimension. Nanotechnology is a method that has advanced from a stage where it was just a concept to one where it is now a reality. The purpose of this article is to explain nanotechnology and how it may be used in health and electronics. It focuses on how nanotechnology may be used in both health and electronics.

The website “Understanding Nano” discusses nanotechnology and its many uses. The website has many uses, one of which is in the area of medicine. The use of nanotechnology in medicine has changed the techniques of detecting illness, curing human body damages, and treating a variety of ailments, according to the website on medicine. The use of nanoparticles in the administration of heat, light medicines, and a variety of other substances is one of nanotechnology’s medical applications. This involves getting the drugs to the cancer cells. ‘Nanotechnology allows the creation of particles in order to attract them to illness cells in the body,’ according to the website (Nanotechnology in Medicine – Nanomedicine, 2007). This enables the afflicted cells to be treated directly. Nanotechnology enables for the early identification of illnesses and the mitigation of cell damage. Nanotechnology is used in medication administration. The medication is encased in a nanoparticle, which allows it to pass past the stomach and into the bloodstream. To combat respiratory disorders, nanoparticles trigger an immune response. This occurs when nanoparticles are inhaled. Nanotechnology may potentially be used to cure cancers by utilizing nanoparticles.

Uses of Nanotechnology in Health and Electronics

The “Bright Hub” website focuses on broad scientific and technical knowledge. This website contains information on nanotechnology and its applications in electronics. The website discusses the relationship between nanotechnology and electronics, as well as the application of nanotechnology in electronics. Several nanotechnology uses have been integrated into many contemporary devices. New computer microprocessors have characteristics that are smaller than 100 nanometers in size. These microprocessors are very tiny. ‘Smaller chip microprocessors enjoy substantial increases in speed and better processing capacity,’ according to the website (Nanotechnology Applications for Electronics, 2012). Etching, commonly known as lithography, is the current chip manufacturing technique. Current electrical technology will be unable to meet the demand for chip microprocessors at some time in the future. The application of nanotechnology enables the production of efficient chip microprocessors mainly by using 60-70nm size features. The application of Nanotechnology in electronics, often referred to as nanoelectronics, has led to the manufacture of circuit materials and new processors in the field of electronics. However, researchers are still looking into other nanoelectronic fields such as the use of electrodes made from nanowires to enable the display of flat panels to be visible and thinner than the present level panel displays. Nanotechnology in general provides solutions on the how to increase electronic capabilities and reducing their power consumption and weight issues. 

The Academic Journal ‘What Can Nanotechnology Do for Personalized Medicine?’ talks about the integration of nanotechnology and medicine. Nanotechnology can be utilized in diagnosis through in vitro diagnostic strategies in which one is able to test for diseases by the use of microfluidic systems and microarray DNA chips. Diagnosis is made possible by using nanochips enabled by nanotechnology. In the journal, it is further quoted that ‘Nanochips provide unparalleled sensitivity with the eventual goal of identifying as petite as a single unit of the target molecule’ (Marchant, 2009). Nanotechnology has also enabled the development of multifunctional products in medicine. These nano-sized multifunctional products on the same structure but with different functions mainly target therapy, imaging and treating diseases. External scanning technologies with sensors would then be able to detect the presence of  diseases or tumor cells. Nanotechnology has also been applied in several products including surgical tools, bandages, imaging agents and biomaterials. Nanocoatings that are anti-microbial employ nano-particles that are germ-killing and used in several products including catheters, implantable devices and wound dressings.  Nanotechnology also enables more specific and sensitive targeting of  specific tissues or cells. This is more efficient than the technology being used in some hospitals in which an heterogenous cells mixture that is typical for a diseased tissue is targeted.

In the journal ‘2020 Vison, Electronics Nanotechnology’, the author focuses on nanotechnology and electronics. This journal talks about the uses of nanotechnology in electronics and how electronics will in the future encompass nanotechnology technique. The authors  quotes that ‘Several electronics have been made by the use of nanotechnology and they have proven to be efficient therefore there is need for the future electronic world to apply nanotechnology in electronics (Dempsey, 2011). Memory chips and the improvement of the displaying screens of some electronic devices have been made possible by the use of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology also allows the use of nanowires in creating memory devices that are dense and this is made possible by the application of current magnetization along the wire length. Although there is movement of the magnetized sections along the wire, a stationary sensor reads the data. This is another use of nanotechnology in electronics. Nanoelectronics company directory has come up with several projects and electronics that reveal how nanotechnology is used in electronics and these include self-assembled nanostructures, nano-photonics, molecular-sized switches that contain nano-sized features and conductive film that is nanotube, transparent and is mainly used in e-paper and applications such as LCD. All these examples show the use of  nanotechnology in the creation of these electronic devices.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Nanotechnology is a technique that is applicable in both electronics and medicine. Nanomedicine entails using nanotechnology to detect diseases, direct drugs and heat the cells in a human’s body, such as cancer cells. Nanotechnology is also applicable in creating immuninty against respiratory diseases. Nanotechnology is also used in electronics through the creation of chip microprocessers that require this technique to provide efficient chips to be used. It’s also utilized to make circuits, switches, and a variety of other devices. Nanotechnology has generally become a part of the daily medical activities and developmet in electronics. Researchers claim that nanotechnology will always be part of medicine and electronic development.

Reference list
Journal 1 Dempsey, P. (2011). Engineering & Technology. 2020 vision [electronics nanotechnology]. p84-85.
Journal 2 Marchant, G. E. (2009,). Current Pharmacogenomics & Personalized Medicine; Small is Beautiful: What Can Nanotechnology Do for Personalized Medicine? p231-237.
Website 1 Nanotechnology in Medicine – Nanomedicine (Online) (2007, August 6). Retrieved February 27, 2012, from Understandingnano.com: http://www.understandingnano.com/medicine.html
Website 2 Nanotechnology Applications for Electronics. Part 1-Introduction. (2012, January 14). Retrieved February 27, 2012, from BRIGHT HUB: http://www.brighthub.com/engineering/electrical/articles/7761.aspx
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